76 years of glorious history in the struggle for national independence and reunification
76 years ago, on September 2, 1945, in the historic Ba Dinh Square of the capital Ha Noi, President Ho Chi Minh read the Declaration of Independence giving birth to the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, now the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. He solemnly declared to the entire world that “Vietnam has the right to enjoy freedom and independence, and has truly become a free and independent country. The entire Vietnamese nation is determined to use all its spirit and strength, life and wealth to defend that right to freedom and independence.
National Day September 2, 1945 is an epic poem that continues the glorious pages of more than 4.000 years of Vietnamese history, breaking the nearly hundred-year colonial rule and overthrowing the feudal system that lasted for thousands of years, which led to the people Vietnamese into a new era: the era of national independence linked to socialism. People with slave status have become masters of the country and society.
At that time, Vietnam was the first colonized country in the world to rise up, use its strength to regain national sovereignty, and establish a popular democratic state. As a small country, the population small, it lacks strong material force, but Vietnam in turn repelled all invading foreign forces, maintained independence and reunified the country.
At the same time, the Vietnamese revolutionary movement received great support from the world revolution. Combining national strength with the strength of the time, under the leadership of the Communist Party of Vietnam, the Vietnamese people achieved glorious victories, actively contributing to the cause of the struggle for peace and independence and human progress in the world. In evaluating this event, President Ho Chi Minh stated: “Not only can the Vietnamese people be proud, but the working class and oppressed peoples of the world are also very proud of the life of the first worker-peasant state in Southeast Asia.” . The Declaration of Independence not only gave rise to a state: the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, the first independent state in the world colonial system, but also marked the establishment of a new social regime. It is a popular democratic form of government in the world.
The independence of Vietnam also opened the revolutionary movement for national liberation and colonial liberation throughout the world. The peoples of Asia and Africa have followed this path, moving towards national independence, building a happy and prosperous country for the people, and forming a progressive social system in the world. Like other oppressed peoples of the world, the right of the Vietnamese people to independence, freedom and the pursuit of happiness had to go through many sacrifices and difficulties to win. Therefore, each Vietnamese has engraved in his heart the truth that “nothing is more precious than independence and freedom” according to what President Ho Chi Minh affirms. Therefore, the immortal spirit of the Declaration of Independence is forever etched in the hearts and minds of all Vietnamese.
With that great significance and stature, September 2 becomes a great festival of the Vietnamese nation. Since then, for the last 76 years, all Vietnamese have stood side by side, raised the red flag with the yellow star, overcame many difficulties, fought for independence. The country went from one victory to another, performed great miracles in the history of the nation and made valuable contributions to the progressive movement in the world, for peace and the development of humanity.
From a country that did not appear on the world map, Vietnam has become a proactive, active and responsible member country in the international community, with extensive international relations, with an increasingly high position. In particular, 35 years of implementation of the country’s Doi Moi Renewal policy have led Vietnam to develop from a backward economy, severely damaged by wars of aggression, to a strong ascent, expanding international integration, becoming a developing economy. dynamic, a point of connection, multidimensional connection in supply chains and international value chains, contributing more and more actively and responsibly to harmony, peace, cooperation and development in the region and the world.
35 years of Doi moi, IIntegration and National Development of Vietnam have accomplished results outstanding
After 35 years of renovation, Vietnam’s position and prestige have risen to new heights. From a small, poor country, with backward material and technical infrastructure, low level of socioeconomic infrastructure, today Vietnam has become a country with a large population of almost 100 million people, they belong to the group of developing countries, middle income ; culture and society have developed strongly. At the same time, the material and spiritual life of the people has been significantly improved.
In terms of politics and diplomacy, Vietnam has implemented a foreign policy of independence, self-sufficiency, multilateralization, diversification, initiative and active international integration; maintain a peaceful and stable environment; create favorable conditions for the cause of construction and national defense. Vietnam focuses on strengthening and consolidating friendly https://mi-aimh.org/wp-content/uploads/miaimh/a/ cooperative relations with neighboring countries and countries of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), countries with strategic alliances and comprehensive partners, including Venezuela. Vietnam also combines diplomatic activities with economic cooperation, trade, investment, culture, science and technology, education, tourism, and a number of other fields to serve the actual construction and development of the country.
Today, Vietnam has become a country that actively contributes to the building and shaping of multilateral institutions, ready to contribute responsibly to global work with an ever-increasing position. Vietnam has established diplomatic relations with 189/193 countries and territories around the world, has created strategic partnerships and comprehensive partnerships with 30 countries, including the 5 countries that are permanent members of the United Nations Security Council. The strong integration with the international community has further strengthened Vietnam’s position, creating a solid foundation for Vietnam and other countries to raise the levels of cooperation for the benefit of each country for peace, cooperation and development in the region and elsewhere. all the world.
In particular, in 2020, Vietnam assumed important international responsibilities as President of ASEAN, President of the 41st General Assembly of the ASEAN Inter-Parliamentary Assembly (AIPA-41), and a non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council for the period 2020-2021. Vietnam won the elections with a record 192/193 votes. This has demonstrated the trust and affection of the international community towards Vietnam.
In addition, Vietnam also actively promotes defense-security integration, helping to improve Vietnam’s position and prestige in the international arena, helping to firmly safeguard the independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Homeland. At the same time, Vietnam also actively participates and builds multilateral mechanisms for cooperation between defense and security, sending forces to participate in the peacekeeping operations of the United Nations, UN.
In socio-economic terms, during the 35 years of Doi Moi, Vietnam has had a high rate of economic growth. GDP increases around 7% annually on average. In 2020, due to the strong impact of the Covid-19 pandemic, the GDP growth rate was only 2,91%, but it is still among the countries with the highest growth rates in the world. The scale of the economy has expanded significantly, in 2020, the size of Vietnam’s economy will reach around 343 billion USD, becoming the fourth largest economy in ASEAN, and GDP per capita will increase 17 times, reaching the $ 3521. Vietnam has been out of the group of low-income countries since 2008. The total import and export turnover increased dramatically, reaching more than $ 540 billion in 2020, of which the export turnover reached more than 280 billion dollars. Foreign exchange reserves increased dramatically, reaching $ 100 billion in 2020. Foreign investment increased rapidly, registering close to $ 395 billion at the end of 2020.
The socialist-oriented market economy was gradually formed and developed. The legal system, mechanisms and policies continue to be completed and refined in accordance with the requirements of building a modern, socialist-oriented market economy. The investment and business environment is improved, open, public, transparent and more favorable for production and business. The economy of many sectors has been formed and developed, all economic sectors have made positive contributions to the development of the country.
Vietnam also promotes broad international economic integration, on many levels, diversified in ways, actively contributing to economic growth. Vietnam is becoming one of the most integrated economies in the world with many bilateral, multilateral and regional levels, in different forms and frameworks. Vietnam also participates in various strategic association agreements, trade agreements. Vietnam is also an active member in regional and global forums such as ASEAN, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Forum, APEC, and ASEM,…, international organizations such as the World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Asian Development Bank.
In particular, in 2021, Vietnam successfully organized the XIII Congress of the Communist Party of Vietnam, electing deputies to the XV National Assembly and People’s Councils at all levels; consolidate key leadership positions. At the same time, in the first 6 months of 2021, GDP increased by 5,64% despite the Covid-19 outbreak in some localities of the country since the end of April.
In the coming time, Vietnam will continue to accelerate the cause of the country’s industrialization and modernization and international integration, successfully achieving the following goals: rich people, strong country, democratic, just and civilized society. Vietnam has set itself the goal that by 2025, the 50th anniversary of national reunification, it will become a developing country with a modern industry, exceeding the lower-middle income level. By 2030, the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Party, Vietnam will become a developing country, with a modern industry, upper middle income, and by 2045, the 100th anniversary of the founding of the country, Vietnam will strive to fight for the high-income developed country, GDP per capita is more than 12,535 USD.
The comprehensive Vietnam-Venezuela partnership gets stronger every day
Since they officially established diplomatic relations on December 18, 1989, Vietnam and Venezuela have regularly exchanged high-level delegations, building political trust. President Hugo Chávez visited Vietnam in 2006, President Nicolás Maduro visited Vietnam in 2015, Secretary General of the Communist Party of Vietnam Nong Duc Manh visited Venezuela in 2007, President Nguyen Minh Triet visited Venezuela in 2008.
The two countries have signed more than 50 cooperation agreements in many fields, many cooperation mechanisms and have completed 16 bilateral cooperation projects. The experiences of Vietnam in the process of renewal and economic development are highly appreciated by Venezuela. Vietnam and Venezuela have implemented many economic cooperation projects in fields such as oil and gas, agriculture, and seafood. In particular, Vietnam’s agricultural research projects in Venezuela have achieved good results, developing high-yield rice varieties, helping to ensure Venezuela’s food security.
The Government and the People of Vietnam always highly value relations with Venezuela. Vietnam has always supported the Government and the people of Venezuela in the fight to defend the independence, sovereignty and development of the country for peace and prosperity for the people. Vietnam supports and commends the Venezuelan Government in its dialogue efforts to find a long-term solution, based on respect for the Venezuelan Constitution, in order to maintain peace, stability and development in the country.
In the international arena, the two countries have always positioned themselves to mutually support the just cause. In particular, in 2021, when Vietnam assumes the role of a non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council, Vietnam has demonstrated a position that defends the observance of the basic principles of the United Nations Charter and international law; support the Government of Venezuela in its efforts to protect independence and sovereignty, maintain stability and develop the country. Vietnam also actively supports Venezuela to strengthen ties with the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), to bring benefits to both parties for peace, cooperation and development in both regions and in the world.
In 2021, the Venezuela-Vietnam Friendship Association (CAVV), and the Venezuelan-Vietnam Chamber of Commerce (CAVENVIET), have had many practical activities, strengthening the connection between companies and peoples with opportunities for exchange, business and trade between the two. countries.
In the coming times, Vietnam and Venezuela have many opportunities for cooperation in many fields, especially in the fields of trade, agriculture, food and seafood. The two countries also have great potential for investment cooperation in the fields of infrastructure construction, production of building materials, transportation, energy, food processing industry, consumer goods; or high-tech fields such as information technology, telecommunications networks, software development, smart phones, electric vehicles, as well as other important sectors such as education and training.
Especially, from November 4 to 14, 2021, at the invitation of President Nicolás Maduro, Vietnam will be the main guest of the International Book Fair of Venezuela, FILVEN 2021. In addition to presenting the literary and art works, it is expected that Vietnam and Venezuelan friends have many cultures and artistic activities so that Venezuelan friends understand more, love Vietnam more and bring Vietnam closer to Venezuelan friends.
Proud of the great achievements of historical importance during the last 76 years, Vietnam always appreciates the support and accompaniment of friends and the international community, including the Government and people of Venezuela. The struggle for national independence and reunification in the past, as well as the construction and development of a rich, beautiful and powerful Vietnam today. On the basis of mutual understanding and attachment, we believe that the friendship and comprehensive cooperation between Vietnam and Venezuela will be consolidated and strengthened more and more to contribute to the construction and development of the country, contributing to the peace, stability and development of the two regions and the world.
On the occasion of the 76th anniversary of the National Day of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, we wish to extend our warmest affection to President Nicolás Maduro, the Government and the People of Venezuela!
May the Venezuelan people succeed in building a peaceful, developed, happy and prosperous Venezuela!
May the friendship and comprehensive cooperation between Venezuela and Vietnam grow more and more, contributing to peace, stability and development in the two regions and in the world!